Time has come to talk about the tiny and lovely creatures that hide in the corals of the ocean. We’ll go over a few interesting and random facts about seahorses, their way of life, how and what they eat and how they reproduce. Later on you can tell us which fact you found to be the most interesting. Be sure to check out the fourth one. It’s quite amazing!
Now let’s go over to the most surprising facts about seahorses!
Seahorses are actually fish
After so much debate between scientists, it was finally decided that seahorses are indeed fish, and they actually belong in the same group as cod and tuna (the group is called bony fish). It is not at all surprising that they would be classified as fish, as they do have the characteristics of one: they have gills, and they use their swim bladder to control buoyancy.
They are very bad swimmers
Among some of the most surprising facts about seahorses is the fact that they can’t swim very well! Although they are in the same fish group as tuna and cod, they are not so good at swimming. Rather than swim, they would prefer to rest in one spot for a few days, next to the same seaweed and coral. They do spin their fins at a fast rate, but they do not move as fast. One thing they can do quite well is swim backwards or in any other direction they desire.
They live throughout the world
These tiny little creatures can be found in temperate waters throughout the world. They do however have specific places they prefer to live. Those places include: coral reefs, mangrove forests, and sea grasses. Although they do live in shallow waters they can’t be found so easily, as they are often blending in with their surroundings.
Males give birth, not the females
Unlike with many other animal species, it’s the males who give birth, and not the females. The female seahorse inserts her eggs into the male’s pouch and position the eggs properly by wiggling. Once the process is done, and all the eggs are in position, he goes to a nearby coral and waits out the whole process, which last for a few weeks. Once he’s ready to give birth, he’ll have contractions until all the young are out, which can last a few minutes, up to an hour.
They have the need to eat almost constantly
Since seahorses eat only small crustaceans and plankton, and do not really have a stomach- their food passes through and doesn’t stay in their bodies at all. Therefore, they have the need to eat almost constantly.
There are 53 different types of seahorses
There are 53 known types of seahorses, which can range from 1 to 14 inches long, and all belong in the same family as sea dragons and pipefish. They are scattered all around the world and can be found in variety of sizes and colors, and they are masters of camouflage, which means that sometimes it can be a bit hard to recognize and differentiate them from one other.
Seahorses are great at camouflage
Seahorses are excellent at camouflage, as their size, shape and color allow them to blend in perfectly with the surroundings, which is their coral habitat.
They are vulnerable, and at the brick of extinction
People have been using them in so many ways. They harvest them to make traditional Asian medicines, use them in aquariums, and even as art, or as a souvenir. These are some of the lesser know facts about seahorses, and how people treat them. Today, they’re at the brick of extinction, and it’s all because of the factors that we mentioned before. Their habitat is also in danger, because of pollution and destruction of the coral– which is their natural habitat.
If you wish to help seahorses from becoming extinct, there are a few things you can do:
- Don’t buy seahorses for your aquarium,
- Don’t buy seahorse souvenirs,
- Support programs which help preserve the seahorse population,
- Don’t pollute the waters, or your environment. Make a switch to eco-friendly household cleaners.